Biology - 11

Course Description:

This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation.

Prerequisite: SNC2D - Science Grade 10

Course Outline

Unit 1: Diversity of Living Things & Evolution (40 hours)

In this unit, you will investigate the way in which living organisms are classified, characteristics of livings things and a focus on the Kingdoms of Bacteria.

1-1 Biodiversity
1-2 Classification
1-3 Biological Drawings
1-4 Collecting and Identifying Species
1-5 The Theory of Evolution
1-6 Natural Selection and Speciation
1-7 Phylogeny
1-8 Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes & Viruses


Unit 2: Genetic Processes (22 hours)

In this unit, you will learn about DNA, chromosomes, genes and the role mitosis and meiosis have in generating new cells. You will identify and describe the contributions scientists have had and continue to have on genetics and biotechnology.  In addition, you will have an opportunity to determine the origin of your physical attributes and discover your genetic composition. You will learn about genetic disorders and how they are passed from one generation to the next.  Finally, you will investigate current biotechnological advancements and examine the ethical and moral issues that exist with genetic engineering and embryonic stem cell research.

2-1 Heredity, Genes & Traits
2-2 Cell Division - Mitosis & Meiosis
2-3 Mendelian Inheritance
2-4 Applying Mendelian Inheritance Patterns                 


Unit 3: Animals - Structure and Function (22 hours)

In this unit, you will develop an understanding of animal internal systems with information about the circulatory, respiratory and digestive systems.  You will have the opportunity to participate in activities that will assess your knowledge about organs and organ systems. As well, you will assess your current status in terms of your food choices and exercise routine.

3-1 Digestive System
3-2 Respiratory System
3-3 Circulatory System                          
3-4 Fetal Pig Dissection & PBL


Unit 4: Plants: Anatomy, Growth, and Function (26 hours)

Plants are part of our everyday life. However, we often don’t notice them or stop to think how vital they are to our way of life and to all life on this planet. In this unit, you will explore plant structures and how they function. You will also be challenged to consider how plants are important for sustaining our lifestyle and our economy.

4-1 Plant Structures
4-2 Monocots & Dicots
4-3 Succession
4-4 Reproduction
4-5 Factors Affecting Plant Growth